In case of excess pressure (and a vacuum as well), electrical flow-type heaters under approximate atmospheric pressure are used: channel-type air heaters. We have designed heatsystems channel-type air heaters especially for a direct heating of gaseous fluids.
They are used for heating incombustible, gaseous fluids and vapours. Special applications are ventilation and air-conditioning systems as well drying systems and process engineering. For higher pressures, electrical flow-type heaters are used. Sometimes, the cable industry requires special flow-type heating channels for tempering PTFE insulations.
The genetic technology safety regulations (GenTSV) explicitly require a safe inactivation of contaminated waste-air from fermenters and autoclaves. The thermal treatment for an inactivation of biological contamination is a largely accepted process. Among others, we developed a thermal incinerator for this special application.
It is really true that we turn on hot wires only. But then our special knowledge comes into play. And our engineering ingenuity.