Electrical flange heaters

flangeheater1.jpg

Electrical flange heaters are designed for efficiently heating liquid or gaseous fluids which are flowing or stagnant. The design is based on the general conditions such as the type and properties of the respective fluid, pressure and temperature as well as the desired operating points in the process.

Electrical flow-type heaters directly heat fluids, converting electrical energy in the heating rods to thermal energy. The thermal energy is then transferred from the heating rods to the fluid. Here, it is important that the design be matched to the general conditions, for each fluid has its specific properties.

Ex

Also available in explosion-proof design

Let us talk about it!

After all, we do not sell nails.

Give us a call:

(+49) 02265 99 70-0
Plant engineering
Heating liquids
Heating gases
Heating
Industrial
Life Science
Storing
Exchanging
Heating tools
Fluids
Materials
Heating elements
Control equipment
Switching devices
Insulation
Flange connection
Design models

For example, these fluids are heated in electrical flange heaters:

I. Water

  • Drinking water, max. surface load depending on the water hardness 4 – 6 W/cm²
  • Circulating and/or heating water, max. surface load approx. 10 W/cm²
  • Softened water; observe the maximally admissible chloride content, max. surface load approx. 19.0 W/cm²
  • Ultra-pure water; here, a low-pocket or pocket-free design with a defined surface quality is useful in most cases.
  • Fully desalted water; here, non-ferrous heavy metals should not be used, maximum surface load approx. 10 W/cm²

II. Oil

  • Heavy oil, not pumpable in a cold condition, maximum surface load between 1 and 2 W/cm² depending on the quality
  • Hydraulics oil, maximum surface load approx. 0.6 – 1.2 W/cm²
  • Lubricating oil, steam turbine oil, max. surface load approx. 1 W/cm²
  • Insulating oil, maximum surface load approx. 0.3 – 0.6 W/cm²
  • Heat transfer oil, film temperature calculation acc. to DIN 4754 required, maximum surface load approx. 10 W/cm²depending on the flow velocity and oil
  • Fuel oil, diesel, heating to max. 40 °C, max. surface load approx. 4 W/cm²

III. Gases

  • Air
  • Natural gas
  • Flue gas
  • Nitrogen
  • Steam for overheating

IV. Other fluids

  • Bitumen (attention when melting: bitumen will expand strongly.)

The fluid to be heated and the application temperature mainly define the materials which can be used for the unheated and/or heated surfaces. Otherwise, corrosion may quickly result in a failure of the electrical flange heater, for example.

Materials of the wetted and unheated components:

  • Carbon steel
  • Corrosion-resistant stainless steel
  • Heat-resistant stainless steel
  • Titanium, Hastelloy, special materials
  • Brass

Materials of the heating surface:

  • Carbon steel
  • Corrosion-resistant stainless steel
  • Heat-resistant stainless steel
  • Titanium, Hastelloy, special materials

The design of the individual heating elements is a function of the application. There are faster or slower heating elements, mechanically robust or more filigree designs. Also, a distinction is made between compacted heating elements and heating elements where the internal heating insert can be replaced without the necessity of draining the fluid.

I. Heating elements

  • Tubular heaters, diameter 8.5 or 16 mm
  • Cartridge-type heaters, diameter 16, 18 or 25 mm
  • Exchangeable heating elements, including a protective tube, diameter 25, 42 or 65 mm

Electrical flange heaters can both be equipped with a built-in control system (for low power) or an external switchgear cabinet or for load switching by customer-provided switchgear and control gear. The electrical heating power can be divided into one or several heating stages. This division can individually be adjusted to match the control equipment.

I. Controllers

  • Electronic ON-OFF control or PID control. (-> ON-OFF control switches off the heater if the temperature is exceeded, and switches it on again when the temperature falls below its lowest value. Thus, the temperature will always oscillate around the setpoint. The algorithm of the PID controller will optimally compensate the control fluctuations.)
  • Load switching by contactors or wear-free semiconductors (thyristors). (-> contactors are wearing parts and must be replaced after approx. 100,000 make/break operations; thyristors switch quickly and without any wear but generate more heat losses than contactors.)
  • Electromechanical control.
    Thermostats installed in the electrical flow-type heater are price-efficient controllers whose accuracy is sufficient for many applications

II. Sensors

  • Thermal protectors and limiters as capillary thermostats (as a safety design as well).
  • Temperature sensors for the fluid and heating rod temperature.
  • Overheating protection for the heater or electrical terminal compartment.

The switching devices as required for the operation of the electrical flange heater can optimally be matched to the process and the heating element; they can be ordered from heatsystems

I. Switching devices

  • Flow-monitoring device
  • Low-water level protection
  • Min. and max. pressure limiter
  • Thermometer for indicating the temperature on site

Normally, the cooling section of the electrical flange heaters (i.e. the section between the flange plate and the electrical terminal box) must normally not be insulated. If this is required for technical reasons, e.g. at fluid temperatures below the freezing point, we are prepared to design a customized model.

The electrical flange heaters - as the name implies - are flanged to the container or the flow tube. A number of options is available for this flange connection:

I. Flange connections

  • Standard flanges (DIN, ASME, SAE etc.)
  • Female or male thread connections
  • Clamp flanges
  • Sterile flanges
  • Dairy-type pipe connections
  • SAE flanges

Available design models for electrical equipment and controlling of the electrical flange heater are:

I. Design models

  • Indoor or outdoor installation
  • Hazardous area (zone 1 or 2, 21 or 22)
  • Non-harzardous area
  • Type of protection IP54 or better
  • Switchgear cabinet for wall or floor mounting
  • Steel sheet connection housing, powder-coated or stainless steel
  • Electronic or electromechanical control
  • Communication with higher-level control system by floating contacts, standardized signal or bus
Similar articles
Silicone heaters The right temperature in the workpiece
Silicone heaters
Go to product
Tank heaters For the proper temperature in the tank
Tank heaters
Go to product
Heavy-oil preheaters The proper viscosity
Heavy-oil preheaters
Go to product
Ceramic heating elements Exchangeable heat source
Ceramic heating elements
Go to product
Screw-in heaters For liquids or gases
Screw-in heaters
Go to product
Channel-type air heaters For unpressurized gases
Channel-type air heaters
Go to product
Mobile flow-type heaters For flowing fluids
Mobile flow-type heaters
Go to product
Plate heat exchangers For liquids or gases
Plate heat exchangers
Go to product
Push-in preheaters For the proper temperature in the tank
Push-in preheaters
Go to product
Combined heat exchangers Heating liquids alternatively
Combined heat exchangers
Go to product
Inline heaters Pocket-free heating
Inline heaters
Go to product
Tubular heaters Various heating
Tubular heaters
Go to product
Pharma-type flange heaters Heating liquids or gases
Pharma-type flange heaters
Go to product
Pharma-type heat exchanger For ultra-pure fluids
Pharma-type heat exchanger
Go to product
Close

Please fill out our online inquiry form. Our consultant will contact you shortly and discuss with you the details of your project.

Your contact details

Your project plans

*required field

I have read the Privacy Policy note. I agree that my contact details and questions will be stored permanently. Note: You can revoke your consent at any time for the future by sending an e-mail to info@heatsystems.de.